The FAS wants to increase fees at airports in the Far East and Siberia
The Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS) plans to increase the rates of regulated tariffs for services at a number of airports in the Far East and Siberia, according to draft orders of the service, published on the portal regulation.gov. These are the airports of Irkutsk, Barnaul, Vladivostok, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and three airports on Sakhalin – in Shakhtersk, Naglik and Okha (part of JSC “Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Airport”).
These are the largest air hubs of the Far East and Siberia and important tourist hubs. In particular, the airport of Vladivostok in ten months of 2021 served more than 1.5 million passengers (last year – 1.3 million), the airline of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk – 914,000 people (700,000 in 2020), Irkutsk – 1 , 7 million (1.3 million in 2020), Barnaul – 430,000 (about 300,000 last year).
Operators and owners of airports made proposals to increase tariffs, FAS clarified to Vedomosti and confirmed by representatives of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and Vladivostok airports. They noted that tariffs have not increased for 5 years. Therefore, their adjustment to the level of inflation was required, a representative of Vladivostok airport told Vedomosti.
We are talking about fees for take-off and landing of aircraft, tariffs for aviation security and services of airport terminals – the maximum level of tariffs for these services is set by the FAS. “Changing tariffs will reduce the loss of regulated airport activities and prevent the cessation of their uninterrupted operation. Earlier, the tariffs for these airports were lower than economically justified, ”the press service of the antimonopoly department told Vedomosti.
According to the draft orders, the fee for takeoff and landing in Irkutsk (the airport belongs to the region) will increase by 7% (from 530 rubles per 1 ton of maximum takeoff weight, MVM) of the aircraft to 573 rubles (for aviation safety) – by 10% to 418 руб. per 1 ton of MVM, for the provision of the airport complex – by 22-30% to 205 rubles. per passenger on international routes and up to 49 rubles. – On the domestic.
In Vladivostok (Oleg Deripaska owns the airport through Sochi International Airport), fees for certain services will double. For example, for the service of passengers at the international terminal – from 330 rubles. for 1 passenger up to 660 rubles. In Barnaul (a controlling stake in the airport belongs to “Roman” Roman Tratsenko) fees will increase by 4-25%. In Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk (in March 2021 the tender for the reconstruction and management of the airport was won by Krasinvest, affiliated with Oleg Deripaska) – by 5-15%.
According to the FAS, the revision of fees will increase the cost of flights and costs of airlines on flights between Moscow and Barnaul by 157 rubles. per passenger (for example, a Boeing 737 with a 75% load), Irkutsk – 77.5 rubles, Vladivostok – 67.8 rubles, South Sakhalin – 217 rubles. (For example Boeing 777 with 80% load).
Tariffs will also be increased at Sakhalin township airports – Shakhtyorsk, Naglik and Okha. Per one passenger flying on a regional Bombardier DHC-8 aircraft, the carrier’s costs will increase from 144 to 230 rubles, the Antimonopoly Service said.
The Ministry of Transport of the Sakhalin region admitted that the revision of airport fees could lead to higher prices for tickets for airlines operating flights to the region. Vedomosti and Ural Airlines also warned about possible price increases due to changes in fees. “Such an increase in costs for airlines could lead to an increase in ticket prices,” said a spokeswoman for the carrier Vera Gasnikova, without specifying how much they may increase. Today, the share of airport costs in the cost of airlines in Russia as a whole is about 15%.
But the FAS emphasizes that the cost of airline tickets does not depend directly on the cost of the airline. “It is formed depending on supply and demand, season, number of available seats and the level of loading of the aircraft, the depth of ticket sales and the time of departure and arrival,” said a spokesman for the agency.
Vedomosti also sent inquiries to S7 Airlines and Aeroflot, to the press services of the Altai Krai, Irkutsk Oblast, Primorsky Krai and airport operators, where the FAS is proposing to increase fees.
Oleg Panteleev, Director General of the Airport Agency, noted that the increase in fares is “always untimely for airlines and always desirable and timely for airport operators.” “In general, the FAS, considering applications, seeks to raise rates to moderate amounts, to the accumulated amount of inflation since the establishment of previous rates. And sometimes even below the inflation rate, ”the expert said. He does not expect a dramatic increase in airfare, but “some gradual increase is inevitable.”
Aton analyst Mikhail Ganelina agrees that the increase in airport fees for carriers will eventually affect the cost of the flight. “All the additional costs of airlines are usually gradually transferred to the ticket price,” he says. At the same time, he points out that airport fares do not increase every year, and the load on air hubs has increased this year following the growth of domestic air traffic.